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EXERCISE AND YOU by Famojuro T.Adewale

12 Nov

Physical exercise is any bodily activity that enhances physical fitness and also maintain overall health and wellness. It is performed for various reasons, including strengthening muscle and the cardiovascular system honing athletic skills, weight loss or maintenance and merely enjoyment.
It is discovered that frequent and regular physical exercise boost the immune system and helps prevent the disease of efflux such as heart diseases, cardiovascular disease, type two (2) diabetes and even obesity.
Health care providers often call exercise the “miracle” or wonder drug to the wide variety of proven benefits that it can provide.
CLASSIFICATION: physical exercise are grouped based on the total effect they have on the human body;
Aerobic exercise is any physical activity that uses large muscle groups and causes the body to use mare oxygen than it would while resting. The main goal of this type of exercise is to increase the cardiovascular endurance. E.g. swimming, cycling, skipping rope,brisk walking and  continues training.
Anaerobic exercise is also called strength or resistance training. They can improve your muscle and also improve your bone strength. E.g. pushups, weight training, high intensity interval training and sprinting.
Flexibility exercise stretch and lengthens the muscle. Such exercise helps to improve joint flexibility and keep the muscle limber and its aim is to improve the range of motion which which can reduce the chances of injuries. Examples are exercises that focus on accuracy, agility, power and speed and it includes some of the examples given above.
Endurance exercises before meals lower blood glucose more than the same exercise will after meal. According to the world health organization (WHO), lack of physical exercise contributes to approximately 17% of hearth diseases and diabetes, 12% of falls in elderly and 10% of breast cancer and colon cancer.
    Exercise
EFFECTS OF EXERCISE:
Cardiovascular system; the beneficial effect of exercise on the cardiovascular system is well documented. The most beneficial effect of physical exercise on cardiovascular diseases mortality can be attained through moderate intensity activity (40% to 60% of maximal oxygen uptake,depending n age) persons who modify their behavior after myocardial infarction to include regular exercise, have improved rate of survival.
Immune system; etiological evidence suggest that moderate exercise has a beneficial effect on the human immune system, an effect which is modeled in a J curve. Moderate exercise has been associated with 29% decrease in incidence of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI). It has also been observed that “vitamin C” supplement in marathon runners has been associated with lower incidence of URTI’s.
Brain function; the caerphilly heart disease study followed 2,375 male subjects over 30 years and examined the association between regular physical exercise and dementia. The study found that men who exercise regularly had a 59% reduction in dementia when compared to the men who do not exercise. In summary, this shows that exercise sharpens our brain and makes us more vibrant in reasoning. There are several possibilities why exercise is beneficial for the brain as it increases the blood and oxygen flow to the brain.  It also  increases growth factor that help neurogenesis and promote synaptic plasticity, possibly improving short and long term memory. It also  increases the chemical in the brain that helps cognition such as dopamine, glutamate, norepinephrine and serotonin.
Depression; exercise alone is a potential prevention method and treatment for mind forms of depression. Research has also shown that when exercise is done in the presence of other people (familiar or not), it can be more effective in reducing stress than simply exercising alone.
Sleep; according to a 2005 study, exercise is most recommended alternative to sleeping pills for resolving Insomnia. Sleeping pills are more costly than just creating time for a daily routing of staying fit, it may also have dangerous side effects in the long run, exercise can be safe, healthy and inexpensive to achieve better sleep.
Despite all these, excessive exercise can be harmful without proper rest, the chances of stroke or other circulation problems can increased.
Exercise may be very helpful to the body, but it is as well very dangerous to the body if it is excessively done. It is therefore advised that we should exercise regularly to keep our body in good condition and also to make our brains sharp especially for students and also to get over bored situations. Having been proven to be the best sleeping pill which has no side effect, physical exercise should be our daily routing. We must try as much as possible to exercise because it is a necessity.
                                       

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Posted by on November 12, 2014 in Health, Uncategorized

 

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